Definition of Youth

The National Youth Action Plan (NYAP) defines young people as aged between 15-29 years.


Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • 18
  • 16
  • --
  • Female
  • 18
  • 16
  • --

  • No specific legislation for same-sex marriage. Homosexual acts legal.Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

Minimum Age
Between 14-16 a child may be subject to ,"educational measures only". Between 16-18 years, "juvenile imprisonment may be imposed". Source:  Criminal Code of Montenegro

Majority Age



Voting Age


Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

Both sexes (15-24) %
  • 99.28% Male (15-24) %
  • 99.01% Female (15-24) %

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
Both sexes %
  • --Male %
  • -- Female %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

Male (15-24) %
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • 6.60% Male (13-15) %
  • 5.90% Female (13-15) %
  • Year: 2010
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
Montenegro is evaluating its expired 2006-2011 youth action plan. Briefings from 2012 and 2013 have details.

Montenegro’s National Youth Action Plan was adopted in 2006, initially for a five-year period. Several documents, among them the most recent youth policy briefing (2013), comment on an ongoing evaluation of the action plan to inform its renewal, but as of June 2014, no action plan had been decided upon and it is unclear whether the nominally expired National Youth Action Plan continues to guide youth policy implementation.   The European Union’s 2013 Screening Report states that “Montenegro's youth policy is already largely in line with the common objectives established at EU level” and that the planned “future adoption of the Law on youth is intended to lay a solid foundation for further developments in this field.”

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Montenegro’s Directorate for Youth and Sports, an independent administrative body under the supervision of the Ministry of Education and Sports, is responsible for youth affairs. According to a 2013 youth policy briefing paper, the Directorate for Youth and Sports is in charge of youth policy at a national level and,
has the mandate to develop and coordinate implementation of youth policy and legislation, coordinate cross-sectoral cooperation, support local youth policy development, develop cooperation with NGOs, [and] international partners.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
The creation of the National Youth Council of Montenegro (COF) was initiated in October 2010, further supported in June 2011 and completed in 2012. At the time of writing, no current information was available about aims, objectives, statutes, membership or budget of the association. The 2013 youth policy briefing observes, however, that COF “was created in June 2012 and has been ever since involved in all important policy making processes and consultations”. Some information about plans for COF from 2010 is available, too. COF is not a member of the European Youth Forum.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
No documentation on the budget for youth in Montenegro could be found online. The World Bank does not calculate spending on education as a percentage of government expenditure or GDP for Montenegro from 2000.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. (Accessed May 2014).

Additional Background

Montenegro’s National Youth Action Plan, originally adopted in 2006 for a five-year period, outlined a five-year strategy in the areas of education, employment, health, social participation, human rights, culture, leisure, information and mobility, and family. It was based on a situational analysis, summarised at the beginning of the action plan. The 2013 youth policy briefing states that,
 “based on national priorities and the reality of youth, as well as identified challenges in the field of implementation of youth policy, there are certain policy, legal, and practical steps that will be especially in focus in the forthcoming period: the Law on Youth is currently being developed and is expected to be finalized by the end of 2013; the new Youth Strategy will be developed in the following two years.”