Definition of Youth
In Costa Rica, the General Law on Young Persons (2002) defines youth as those aged between 12 and 35.
- Opposite Sex
- Same Sex
- Without parental consent
- with parental consent
Situation of Young People
- 99.22% Male (15-24) %
- 99.43% Female (15-24) %
- Year: 2015
- Source: UNESCO
Net Enrolment RateSecondary School
- 70.62%Male %
- 75.34% Female %
- Year: 2012
- Source: UNESCO
Situation of Young People
Policy & Legislation
The principles of the youth policy in Costa Rica are laid down in the General Law on Young Persons (2002). This law is complemented by the Iberoamerican Convention on Rights of Youth. Both underpin the human rights approach that is fundamental to Costa Rica’s youth policy. Priorities of the national youth policy (2010) are to enable young people to fully participate in public life and engage as citizens. It recognizes young people as rights-holders regardless of their socio-economic conditions, ethnic or religious affiliations, or sexual orientation. Non-discrimination and social equality of all young people is promoted. The action plan (2006) focuses on the rights to health, housing, education, work, culture, sport and recreation, political participation, personal integrity and non-violence.
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Youth and Representation
Budget & Spending
- % of GDP
- % of gov. expenditure
Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).
It is us young people that have to be taken into account. We are not the future, but the present. … The opportunities provided by the National System of Youth of Costa Rica are enviable and we must seize them. … The youth systems [of other countries such China, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Colombia, Mexico] have some good, but most have not achieved what we have in our country: a democratic and inclusive youth system that must further promoted and disseminated to the benefit of more young people.
The policy has the purpose of creating opportunities and conditions to ensure the exercise of the rights and citizenship of young people, developing their potential and their contribution to national development.
The Public Policy of the Young Person … is oriented to promote the integral development of young people. The main purpose of this policy is to ensure the fulfilment of rights, the full exercise of citizenship of young people and developing their skills, by strengthening the favourable conditions in the country and the creation of other to help resolve the obstacles to their development. … The achievement of this purpose involves the positive visibility of young people and their contribution to the country's progress in different fields, the struggle for equality between men and young women, the promotion of actions to achieve holistic health and optimal participation, promoting the conditions for inclusion in labour and economic education systems, health care for those not yet enjoying them, boosting overall strategies obtaining credit, housing and land, and the strengthening of conditions for the expression of young people in all its dimensions (artistic, recreational, sporting, intellectual, etc..).
The State must guarantee the compliance of the strategies, in turn, ensure compliance with the rights of young people, however, requires the support of civil society and the active and effective participation of young people. … This policy seeks to combine the action of the State and civil society in order to fully integrate women and young men of the country in the processes of economic, social, political and cultural transformation.According to Indicators on Employment and Employability (2008) (original in Spanish, own translation):
Both, the rate of labour participation of the young, as well as of the total population have a tendency to increase. In 1990 the rates stood at 23.67% fort he young and at 38.03% for the total population. By 2006 they had increased to 34,7% and 44.7% respectively.
In 2006 unemployment among the young in the labour force (aged 12 to 35 years) stood at 9 per cent. For the same year 6 per cent of the total population were unemployed.