National Youth Policy Overview

A list of all countries & the current status of their national youth policy, as far as known. Thank you in advance for sending any updates, amendments, additions, questions and corrections along. A quick email to national@youthpolicy.org will do the trick :)

In May 2014, we published the most recent overview of the state of youth policy. Of 198 countries, 122 (62%) have a current youth policy.
A further 37 (19%) are revising their existing national youth policy or are, in a few cases, developing their very first national youth policy.
31 states (16%) have no national youth policy (yet). Of those, 14 states are in Africa, 9 in Asia, 5 in the Americas, and 3 in Europe.
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A
Afghanistan
Afghanistan recently approved its first ever national youth policy. A youth strategy is being developed.
Albania
Albania has a national youth strategy. An international youth policy review was published in 2010.
Algeria
There is a very broad framework for youth policy. An international study was published in 2009.
Andorra
Andorra has a national youth plan. A background document details legislation and framework.
Angola
Angola has a governmental national youth plan. An international profile provides additional context.
Antigua & Barbuda
The national youth policy & agenda of Antigua & Barbuda was adopted in 2007.
Argentina
Argentina has no national youth policy, but the National Youth Bureau determines policy.
Armenia
A 1998 concept is underpinned by a 2013-2017 youth policy strategy. Reviews from 2009 and 2011 exist.
Australia
The national youth strategy was launched in 2010, underpinned by two reports on youth and policy.
Austria
Austria launched a youth strategy in 2013. A youth policy summary and two briefings (1, 2) add context.
Azerbaijan
There is a state law on youth policy and a programme to implement it. An international briefing exists, too.
B
Bahamas
The Bahamas envisage to finalise the development of their first national youth policy in 2013.
Bahrain
While a 2011-2015 youth strategy was prelaunched, it is unclear whether a youth policy exists.
Bangladesh
The national youth policy of Bangladesh dates back to 2003, and is currently under revision.
Barbados
The national youth policy of Barba­dos was adopted in 2011. A draft was presented earlier that year.
Belarus
The state law on youth policy of Belarus is from 2009. A briefing paper from 2011 is available.
Belgium
Youth Policy in Belgium is regionally organised, a briefing explains how. A review was conducted in 2012.
Belize
The government of Belize launched a new national youth development policy in early 2013.
Benin
The national youth policy was adopted in 2001. An assessment report was published in 2011.
Bhutan
The national youth policy of Bhutan was drafted in 2010 and launched in 2011. An action plan will follow.
Bolivia
The latest national youth plan of Bolivia covered 2008-2012. A 2012 youth rights bill exists, too.
Bosnia & Herzegovina
A 2010 youth law exists, a national youth policy is under development. A 2011 briefing paper exists.
Botswana
A revised national youth policy was adopted in 2010, complemented by a National Action Plan 2010-2016.
Brazil
In 2010, a new youth policy was adopted, and the constitution was amended to include youth.
British Virgin Islands
The British Virgin Islands estab­lished a committee in 2012 to develop a youth policy framework.
Brunei
The national youth policy of Brunei dates back to 2002. A reform has been urgently called for.
Bulgaria
Bulgaria has a national youth strategy 2010-2020. A youth law was adopted in 2012. Details.
Burkina Faso
The national youth policy of Burkina Faso was adopted in 2008. A french summary is available online.
Burundi
Burundi has a rudimentary national youth policy from 2008. A revision was initiated in 2011.
C
Cambodia
Cambodia has a policy for youth development. A UN situation analysis from 2009 exists.
Cameroon
Cameroon has a 2006 national youth policy, which prioritises national development.
Canada
There is an employment program, but no national youth policy. A report compares regional ones.
Cape Verde
The national youth policy of Cape Verde is from 2009. A strategic youth plan is under development.
Central African Republic
A national youth policy has been prepared, but is currently not available online.
Chad
Chad has no national youth policy. A national youth congress in 2011 demanded one, to no avail so far.
Chile
Chile has a national youth action plan from 2004. A youth health program was added in 2012.
China
China does not have a national youth policy. A 2011 article describes the current situation.
Colombia
Colombia has a national youth policy covering 2005-2015 and a youth law from 2013.
Comoros
Comoros has no national youth policy. An economic outlook has some info on policy impact.
Congo-Brazzaville
The Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) has no national youth policy.
Congo-Kinshasa
The Democratic Republic of Congo adopted a national youth policy in 2009. A reform is underway.
Costa Rica
Costa Rica adopted a new national youth policy in 2010, building on a 2006 action plan.
Côte D'Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire is drafting a national youth policy. A draft is not yet available online.
Croatia
Croatia has a National Youth Action Program from 2003, underpinned by a Youth Program for 2009-2013.
Cuba
Cuba has no dedicated national youth policy. Recently, the youth policy approach was summarised.
Cyprus
There is no national youth policy yet. Briefings from 2012 and 2010. A policy review was done in 2007.
Czech Republic
The national youth policy was adopted in 2007. Briefings from 2012 and 2010 are available.
D
Denmark
Denmark has an integrated youth policy approach. A 2008 article and a 2012 briefing explain.
Djibouti
Previous youth policies are from 2001 and 2007. A revision began in 2011; its status is unclear.
Dominica
The national youth policy of Dominica was adopted in 2004. It is currently under review.
Dominican Republic
The Dominican Republic has a youth law from 2000, monitored by regular youth policy reports.
E
Ecuador
Ecuador has a 2011 youth law and a 2012-2013 youth policy that focuses on equality.
Egypt
Egypt has no national youth policy yet. A 2010 youth policy briefing is available.
El Salvador
El Salvador has a national youth policy, an action plan and a youth law from 2013.
Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea has no overall youth policy, and no specific policies on youth issues either.
Eritrea
Eritrea concentrates on employment policies. The lack of an overall youth policy has been criticised.
Estonia
The youth policy of Estonia is based on the 2010 youth work act and the 2006 youth work strategy.
Ethiopia
The national youth policy of Ethopia was adopted in 2004. An online summary is available.
F
Fiji
The national youth policy of Fiji was adopted in 2011. A 2012 youth participation mapping is available.
Finland
The youth policy of Finland is based on a youth act and decree and a 2012-2015 youth programme.
France
A 2014 report and 2014 update on youth policy in France. Two 2012 briefings (1, 2) exist as well.
G
Gabon
The national youth policy of Gabon was introduced in 2011 at the first national youth congress.
Gambia
Gambia renews its national youth policy every ten years. The most recent one was adopted in 2009.
Georgia
Georgia adopted its national youth policy in 2014. Its previous draft policy is from 2011.
Germany
Germany is developing a new federal youth policy framework. Briefing papers from 2012 and 2014 explain.
Ghana
Ghana adopted its latest national youth policy in 2010, focused on youth empowerment.
Greece
Greece has no dedicated national youth policy. A 2012 report and a 2012 briefing are available.
Grenada
Grenada adopted a national youth policy in 2003, but it has been defunct since the 2008 elections.
Guatemala
The current national youth policy covers 2012-2020, the previous one covered 2010-2015.
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau has no comprehensive dedicated national youth policy yet.
Guinea-Conakry
Guinea-Conakry is said to have a new national youth policy, but it is not online.
Guyana
The national youth policy of Guyana is under development, but the process apparently is very slow.
H
Haiti
Haiti has no current national youth policy. A draft was developed in 2011.
Honduras
Honduras has a national youth policy, adopted in 2007, that covers the period 2007-2021.
Hungary
Hungary has a national youth strategy. A 2008 review, a 2011 briefing and a 2012 briefing exist.
I
Iceland
Iceland has no national youth policy. A 2007 Youth Act covers children and youth participation.
India
A new national youth policy was adopted in 2014. See the 2010 draft, 2012 draft and 2003 version.
Indonesia
There are attempts to develop a national youth policy. A review and mapping, both from 2013, exist.
Iran
A 2010 article explains youth policy discourses in Iran, including the recent regime.
Iraq
Iraq is developing a national youth strategy, and conducted a youth survey to inform the effort.
Ireland
Ireland has a youth policy frame­work, ‘Better Outcomes Brighter Futures,’ covering 2014–2020.
Israel
Israel has no national youth policy, but plans to create one. A 2009 briefing is available.
Italy
Italy has a youth plan and youth rights initiative. A 2011 briefing and 2012 briefing have details.
J
Jamaica
The national youth policy of Jamaica was adopted in 2003 and is undergoing revision.
Japan
Japan has a 2010 youth policy vision and published an extensive White Paper on Young People in 2013.
Jordan
Jordan has a 2005 national youth strategy. It is about to be renewed. A short study is from 2009 available.
K
Kazakhstan
There is a 2004 youth policy law, a 2013 national youth policy and a 2012 implementation report.
Kenya
The national youth policy of Kenya was adopted in 2006, followed by a strategic plan. Both will be renewed.
Kiribati
Kiribati has a new national youth policy for 2011-2015, and a draft action plan to implement it.
Kosovo
Kosovo has a youth law and youth strategy with action plan. A 2011 review exists.
Kuwait
Kuwait is developing a youth policy. A youth project concluded in 2013 with youth recommendations.
Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan has a youth policy law. A 2010 study and 2012 review provide context and details.
L
Laos
Laos has no national youth policy. A comprehensive youth analysis is currently being conducted.
Latvia
Latvia has a youth law, youth policy guidelines, and a programme. An international review was done.
Lebanon
Lebanon endorsed its national youth policy in 2012. A 2009 youth policy study is available.
Lesotho
There is a national youth policy of Lesotho from 2005. A new one is currently under development.
Liberia
Liberia revised its national youth policy and action plan. A fragility assessment was conducted.
Libya
There is no functioning youth policy or strategy in Libya. Current efforts concentrate on youth employment.
Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein has a 2008 youth law, a 2011 youth policy vision with an action plan, and a 2013 briefing.
Lithuania
Lithuania has a youth policy law and development programme. Details in a review and a briefing.
Luxembourg
Luxembourg has a youth law, a youth report and a youth pact. A 2012 briefing provides context.
M
Macedonia
Macedonia has a youth strategy and an action plan. A 2010 briefing and 2011 review have details.
Madagascar
The national youth policy of Mada­gascar is from 2004. A review has begun in December 2012.
Malawi
Malawi adopted a new youth policy in August 2013, after pressure to review its 1996 policy.
Malaysia
The 1997 national youth policy is under review. The 10th Malaysia Plan has a youth chapter.
Maldives
The national youth policy of Maldives is from 2003. A 2005 youth study provides context.
Mali
Mali has had a national youth employment programme since 2003, which has been extended.
Malta
Malta has a national youth policy. There are a 2005 review, a 2012 briefing and a 2012 youth study.
Marshall Islands
The Marshall Islands have a national youth policy covering 2009-2014. A recent book chapter has details.
Mauritania
Mauritania has a national youth strategy and policy from 2004, which will be revised soon.
Mauritius
The national youth policy of Mauritius covers 2010-2014. A 2011 briefing is available.
Mexico
Mexico has a youth programme for 2014-2018, after consultations to renew the 2008-2012 version.
Micronesia
Micronesia has a national youth policy from 2004. A recent book chapter adds context.
Moldova
Moldova has a youth law, a youth strategy and an action plan. A 2010 review and 2011 review exist.
Monaco
Monaco has no national youth policy. The approach is service-oriented with thematic priorities.
Mongolia
Mongolia has a national youth participation policy and a national youth development programme.
Montenegro
Montenegro is evaluating its 2006-2011 youth action plan. Briefings from 2012 and 2013 have details.
Morocco
Morocco has a national youth policy, which is being overhauled. A 2009 study and 2012 report exist.
Mozambique
Mozambique adopted a new youth policy in 2013 (not yet online), replacing the 1996 version.
Myanmar (Burma)
Myanmar has no national youth policy yet, but there are two ongoing efforts to develop one.
N
Namibia
Myanmar has no national youth policy yet, but there are two ongoing efforts to develop one.The national youth policy of Namibia is from 2006, and there is a push to review it soon.
Nauru
Nauru has a national youth policy covering 2008-2015, replacing the previous one from 1998.
Nepal
The national youth policy of Nepal is from 2010. A 2011 paper and a 2011 survey add context.
Netherlands
Youth policy in the Netherlands is undergoing a shift. A 2011 review and 2012 briefing explain.
New Zealand
New Zealand has a national youth development strategy. An extensive review was undertaken in 2009.
Nicaragua
Nicaragua adopted its current national youth policy in 2004. It is valid for the period 2005-2015.
Niger
A Youth Policy was adopted in 2011. A Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper provides a brief description.
Nigeria
Nigeria has a national youth policy from 2009, and an accompanying action plan for 2009-2013.
Niue
Niue has a national youth policy for the period 2009-2013, a revision of the youth policy 2003–2008.
North Korea
A human rights report gives a brief description of youth policies, how­ever information is still limited.
Norway
Norway has a national youth policy from 2002. A 2004 review and 2012 briefing have details.
O
Oman
Oman has no national youth policy. Youth issues are tackled through sectoral development plans.
P
Pakistan
Pakistan has a youth policy from 2008, but responsibility has shifted to the regions since its adoption.
Palau
Palau adopted its national youth policy in 2005, and added an implementation framework in 2009.
Palestine
The youth policy and strategy of Palestine will be revised. A youth study and a policy study exist.
Panama
Panama has a national youth policy from 2004, outlining six principles and 12 key areas.
Papua New Guinea
The national youth policy of Papua New Guinea covers 2007-2017. A 2011 book chapter provides details.
Paraguay
The national youth plan of Paraguay was adopted in 2011 and covers the period 2011–2013.
Peru
The national youth strategy covers the period 2012-2021, the previous plan covered 2006-2011.
Philippines
The Youth Development Plan 2012-2016 is awaiting endorsement. A video explains its contents.
Poland
Poland’s youth strategy has expired. A 2011 youth report and 2012 briefing exist.
Portugal
Portugal created a Commission for Youth Policies to develop a national youth policy. A 2012 briefing exists.
Q
Qatar
Qatar has a youth develop­ment report to mainstream youth policy with the development strategy.
R
Romania
Romania has a 2006 youth law and a draft 2014-2020 youth strategy. Studies from 2001, 2012 & 2013.
Russia
Russia has a 2013 youth policy strategy, underpinned by the report Youth of Russia 2000-2025.
Rwanda
The national youth policy of Rwanda was adopted in 2005. There are attempts to review and revise it.
S
Saint Kitts and Nevis
A draft national youth policy has been developed in 2010. The final version is available online.
Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia drafted a youth policy in 2000. For 2012-2017, there is a youth & sports plan.
Saint Vincent & Grenadines
A 2011 UNFPA report describes the draft of a national youth policy. Its current status is unclear.
Samoa
Samoa replaced its 2001 national youth policy in 2011. A 2011 book chapter and 2006 analysis exist.
San Marino
San Marino has a youth policy law from 2007, which established a commission and a youth forum.
Sao Tome & Principe
São Tomé and Príncipe has no national youth policy. A 2012 brief­ing focuses on unemployment.
Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia is developing a youth policy. The development plan 2010-2014 has a youth chapter.
Senegal
Senegal has a youth development fund but no national youth policy. A 2012 briefing exists.
Serbia
Serbia has a youth law, a youth strategy, an action plan and gui­de­lines. Two reviews: 2011, 2012.
Seychelles
The Seychelles renewed it's national youth policy in 2013. It is however not yet available online.
Sierra Leone
The 2003 youth policy of Sierra Leone will be revised in 2013 by the National Youth Commission.
Singapore
Singapore has no dedicated youth policy, but a government-run council for coordination.
Slovakia
Slovakia has a youth strategy for 2014–2020. A 2007 review, 2012 briefing and 2014 report exist.
Slovenia
Slovenia has a 2010 youth sector act & a 2013-2022 youth program. Studies from 2010, 2011 and 2012.
Solomon Islands
The national youth policy covers 2011-2015. A 2003 study, 2005 analysis and 2011 chapter exist.
Somalia
Somalia has no current national youth policy. A 2012 youth development report exists.
South Africa
The national youth policy covers 2009-2014. A youth development policy (draft 1, 2) is discussed.
South Korea
South Korea has a youth law and a national youth policy. An English summary is available.
South Sudan
The youth policy is under revision. A 2012 youth report (longer) and a 2012 employment briefing exist.
Spain
Spain is discussing a draft white paper on youth policy. A 2012 briefing adds detail and context.
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka launched a new youth policy in 2014 after a long and partly disputed process.
Sudan
Sudan has no current national youth policy. A 2012 youth employment briefing is available.
Suriname
The youth policy development is completed, but the new youth policy is not yet online.
Swaziland
The national youth policy is from 2009. A 2012 youth unemployment briefing exists.
Sweden
Sweden has a 2004 youth law. A fact sheet, summary and 2012 briefing explain the approach.
Switzerland
Switzerland has a 2011 youth law and a 2008 youth policy strategy. A 2012 briefing exists.
Syria
Syria does not yet have a national youth policy, but development is underway. A 2009 study has details.
T
Taiwan
Taiwan has a national youth policy, which was adopted and launched as a youth policy act in 2007.
Tajikistan
Tajikistan has a youth law, a youth policy and a youth programme. A 2010 book has details.
Tanzania
Tanzania overhauled its 1996 national youth policy in 2007. A detailed critique of the policy exists.
Thailand
Thailand has a youth development act and a youth development plan covering 2012-2016.
Timor-Leste
The national youth policy of Timor-Leste is from 2007. A youth survey and a youth analysis exist.
Togo
Togo has a 2007 national youth policy and published a youth employment report in 2012.
Tonga
Following an analysis, the youth policy was adopted in 2007. A 2008 briefing and 2011 chapter exist.
Trinidad & Tobago
Trinidad & Tobago has a youth policy covering 2012-2017, which has replaced the previous 2004 version.
Tunisia
Tunisia has no national youth policy. Studies on youth policy (2009) and youth work (2013) exist and explain.
Turkey
Turkey's national youth policy is from 2013. A 2008 research, 2009 study and 2010 briefing exist.
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan has a 2013 state law on youth policy, replacing the previous 1993 version.
Tuvalu
Tuvalu's Draft Youth Policy (2012-2016) is awaiting endorsement. A 2006 analysis exists.
U
Uganda
Uganda has a national youth policy from 2001. A 2011 youth mapping (Vol 1, Vol 2) is available.
Ukraine
The Ukraine has a 2013 youth policy strategy and a 1993 youth law. Reviews: 2010, 2011 & 2013.
United Arab Emirates
Youth policy in the United Arab Emirates is coordinated regionally by the seven different Emirates.
United Kingdom
The UK has a transversal youth policy framework, Positive for Youth. Briefings from 2010 and 2012 exist.
United States
In 2013, Pathways for Youth was published, a draft federal youth policy framework.
Uruguay
The youth policy of Uruguay is from 2011. A 2012 briefing focuses on youth unemployment.
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan has a national youth policy law from 1991. A 2011 article has details on the approach.
V
Vanuatu
Vanuatu launched a youth development policy and an action plan. A youth monograph exists.
Venezuela
Venezuela has a youth law from 2009 and a youth policy launched in 2013.
Vietnam
Vietnam has a youth law from 2005 and a youth development strategy for 2011-2020.
Y
Yemen
Yemen has a national youth strategy for 2006-2015. A 2008 youth assessment report exists.
Z
Zambia
The national youth policy of Zambia, from 2006, is under review. A previous one is from 1994.
Zimbabwe
The national youth policy was revised in 2013, following criticism of the previous 2000 version.