Definition of Youth

The Youth Policy Law (1991) does not provide a definitive age range, but notes that the act applies to “citizens aged 14” and refers to an upper age of 30 years for specific programmes.

UZB

Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • 17
  • --
  • XX
  • Female
  • 17
  • --
  • --



  • No data for marriageable age with parental consent. Male homosexual acts are illegal, while female homosexual acts are legal. Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

13
Minimum Age
Children of 13 may be prosecuted only for aggravated intentional homicide, 14 for serious offences and 16 for all other offences. Source:  Criminal Code of Uzbekistan
(1994)

Majority Age

18

Source: Civil Code (1997)

Voting Age

18

Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

99.95%
Both sexes (15-24) %
  • 99.90% Male (15-24) %
  • 100.00% Female (15-24) %

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
--
Both sexes %
  • --Male %
  • -- Female %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

0.1%
Male (15-24) %
0.1%
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
2.20%
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • 2.70% Male (13-15) %
  • 1.60% Female (13-15) %
  • Year: 2010
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
Yes
Uzbekistan has a national youth policy law from 1991. A 2011 article has details on the approach.

The Law on State Youth Policy (1991), according to the Youth Policy Article (2011),

fixes the purposes and tasks of a youth policy, provides the legal and social protection of young people, and the youth’s direct participation in formation and implementation of society development policy and programmes.
While the Youth Policy Law (1991) is not a comprehensive policy programme for young people, it does make specific reference to youth entrepreneurship, youth funds, youth organisations and youth social services. Additionally policy priorities have included education, youth social services, youth unemployment and support of young families. Uzbekistan National News Agency reported in February 2014 that the President had introduced “additional measures in the realization of state youth policy”.

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Unclear
The Law on State Youth Policy (1991) details that “implementation of the state youth policy lies with the State Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Youth and other public executive bodies.” However, no State Council nor Ministry or Department responsible for youth affairs can be found on the Uzbekistan Government Portal.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
Yes
The official Facebook Page describes the Kamolot Youth Movement (KYM) as an NGO that brings together 15,000 organisations and 5.5 million young people between 14-30. The Uzbekistan National News Agency noted that elections take place for specific roles and that it is involved in the “realization of the state youth policy”. It is unclear how representative the KYM is. According to UzNews, KYM has faced problems becoming widely known amongst Uzbek youth and has been accused of corruption and embezzlement.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
Unclear
No documentation on youth spending in Uzbekistan could be found online. The World Bank lists no data on public spending on education in Uzbekistan for the last ten years.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).

Additional Background

The Youth Policy of Uzbekistan in the Period of the Global Financial and Economic Crisis: Overview and Results (Ashurov, 2011) details the policy and social reality for young people. Youth policy
In Uzbekistan the youth policy, from the first days of independence, has been raised to a level of the state policy, and in present days, it is one of the priority courses of policy. Today in Uzbekistan the youth makes up the most considerable part of Uzbek society. At present, there live more than 10 million young people at the age of up to 18, or about 40 % of all population of a country, and more than 17 million people at the age of up to 30, or 64 % of the population.
The youth policy is formed on principles of general involvement of the youth in the formation processes of the constitutional state and the fair civil society; in establishment of the youth’s recognized public status; in comprehensive support of its legal, social, political and ideological rights; in development of various public formal and informal associations and organizations.
Sociologically
The results of sociological surveys show that purposefulness of the country’s youth is expressed in the tendency to raise the educational level. Thus, every second young Uzbek would like to raise his/her educational level, 81.6 % of them are students of schools, lyceums and colleges, 55.4 % - students of higher educational institutions, 61.5 % - having secondary specialized education and 47.7 % - having secondary education. 70.1 % of youth select for themselves the higher education as a desirable educational level. Among the specialties which young Uzbeks would like to gain, the most attractive ones are pedagogical, economic, medical as well as professions of engineer and lower. The sociological research has shown that the majority of young men and girls of Uzbekistan is satisfied by their profession, earnings and working conditions.
Every second young man aspires to career and professional growth (50.5 %), however every tenth (10.9 %) met difficulties of career growth. The survey revealed high interest of youth to business activity, its directivity to market structures, occupation of high position in a private sector. Herein the young men and girls are ready to show creative activity and initiative, to be improved and self-asserted. More than 90 % of young men highly appreciate a policy of the government on developing spirituality and morality in rising generation. The principal merits which young respondents connect with morality are honesty, good knowledge of own people’s history, cleanliness of soul, respect of the national traditions, improved feeling of national pride, modesty, national and religious tolerance, full rejection of extremism.