Definition of Youth

The Seychelles National Youth Council, which has responsibility for youth policy and programmes, defines youth as between 15-30 years.

SYC

Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • 18
  • 16
  • XX
  • Female
  • 18
  • 16
  • --



  • Male homosexual acts illegal. Female homosexual acts legal, however no specific legislation for same-sex marriage. Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

7
Minimum Age
From 7-12 years old, the state must prove criminal capacity. A child below 14 cannot be imprisoned. Source:  UN Child Rights Periodic Report
(2001)

Majority Age

18

Voting Age

18

Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

--
Both sexes (15-24) %
  • -- Male (15-24) %
  • -- Female (15-24) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
95.20%
Both sexes %
  • 91.10%Male %
  • 99.64% Female %

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

--
Male (15-24) %
--
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
26.60%
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • 27.10% Male (13-15) %
  • 25.30% Female (13-15) %
  • Year: 2010
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
No
The Seychelles has no current national youth policy, though an old one from 1995 exists.

Seychelles has no active, unified youth policy. Seychelles National Youth Council (SNYC), which has operational responsibility for youth, focuses on youth services, a youth festival, the Young Citizen Movement and the “formulation and revision of the national youth policies.” The SNYC is an “independent and statutory body.” The Presidential programme, Seychelles’ Strategy 2017, is the main national economic development plan. It makes reference to “youth” and “young people”, but focuses on broader thematic areas such as education, health and employment. However, it has been criticised and progress is unclear. As a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Seychelles is a signatory of The Commonwealth Plan of Action for Youth Empowerment (PAYE) 2006-2015.

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Yes
The SNYC now assumes responsibility for youth affairs, following the transfer of operations from the Department of Youth in 2009. The Department of Youth subsequently ceased to exist. The Vice President is responsible for youth, as the Minister for Information Technology, Public Administration and Youth. A press release on 27 March 2012, noted that responsibility for youth affairs would come under the Presidency, with a press release on 14 January 2013 assigning responsibility to the Vice-President. A further press release on 27 June 2013 announced the appointment of a Principle Secretary for Youth.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
Unclear
The Seychelles National Youth Council (SNYC) comprises of “25 registered district youth committees (Associations) and 24 registered affiliated youth organisations.” It is described as “the apex youth organisation in the country” and is a member of the Commonwealth Youth Council. According to the SNYC, “operations of the youth division” were transferred to the SNYC from the Department of Youth in 2009. Given that, “the role of the Council has been changed”, its status is unclear due its de facto role as a service delivery organisation on behalf of the government.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
Unclear
No budgetary information is available for the Office of the Vice-President, or the Seychelles National Youth Council. According to the World Bank, Seychelles spent 12.58 % of its government expenditure on education provision in 2006, and 3.63% of its GDP in 2011.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).

Additional Background

An article in The Guardian focuses on the issue of teenage pregnancy and safe sex:
In Seychelles, teenage pregnancy is an alarming issue. The rates are continuously increasing yet the authorities refuse to distribute condoms or tell young people how to use them.
It is forbidden to distribute condoms at educational institutions despite the fact we are all very aware that students are having sex. It is impossible to stop underage sex, so we should provide students with the necessary precautionary measures.
But in Seychelles society, people generally avoid the subject of young people's sexuality, even in schools. Many teachers (including personal and social education teachers) refuse to talk about it. There is a tendency to think that sexuality is shameful.
This leads to problems; often students do not know enough so they either make things up or they remain ignorant.
Some concerned parents tackle the issue at home but others avoid bringing the subject up altogether, hoping that teachers at school will talk to their children about it instead (they don't).
The Seychelles profile by BBC News provides some background information:
After an ominous, post-independence start which saw them lurch from a coup, through an invasion by mercenaries to an abortive army mutiny and several coup attempts, the Seychelles have attained stability and prosperity. Citizens of the Indian Ocean archipelago enjoy a high per capita income, good health care and education.
But just a year after independence in 1976, the Seychelles appeared to be heading down the path of instability which has plagued many African states. The prime minister, France Albert Rene, overthrew the president, James Mancham, and embarked on a programme aimed at giving poorer people a greater share of the country's wealth. Four years later, with the help of Tanzanian troops, Mr Rene thwarted an attempt by South African mercenaries to restore Mr Mancham. An army mutiny in 1982, followed by several attempted coups, suffered a similar fate. But in 1991, possibly in response to pressure from foreign creditors and aid donors, Mr Rene restored multi-party democracy.
The country's economy depends heavily on a fishing industry and upmarket tourism; the latter is vulnerable to downturns in the global travel market. Fine beaches and turquoise seas are among the main attractions. The archipelago is home to an array of wildlife, including giant tortoises and sea turtles. Much of the land is given over to nature reserves.