Definition of Youth

San Marino’s Youth Law refers to young people aged 16-32.

SMR

Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • 18
  • 16
  • Female
  • 18
  • 16



  • No specific legislation for same-sex marriage. Homosexual acts legal. Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

12
Minimum Age
For children older than 12 but younger that 18 years of age, the sentence will be reduced by 1 to 2 degrees. Source:  Penal Code of San Marino
(1975)

Majority Age

18

Voting Age

18

Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

--
Both sexes (15-24) %
  • -- Male (15-24) %
  • -- Female (15-24) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
91.38%
Both sexes %
  • 90.75%Male %
  • 92.07% Female %

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

--
Male (15-24) %
--
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
--
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • -- Male (13-15) %
  • -- Female (13-15) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
Yes
San Marino has a youth policy law from 2007, which established a commission on youth policies and a youth forum.

According to the Council of Europes 2013 report on cultural policies and trends in Europe, the 2007 youth policy law:

(....) provides for the creation of opportunities for younger generations in different contexts: in civil society, by promoting active citizenship, respect for diversity, intercultural and inter-religious dialogue, etc.; in the fields of education and training; in terms of access to the labour market, and; in the field of international mobility.
The youth policy law, establishes the commission, which advises the Secretary of State and reports to the Great General Council, and is in charge of formulating a two-year plan of specific activities in the field of youth.  According to the 2012 annual report however, the commission often failed to meet the quorum to proceed, delaying its progress.

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Yes
In 2012, the mandate for youth policies was assigned to the Secretary of State for Territory, Environment, Agriculture, Telecommunications, Sport, Civil Protection and Trade relations. The commission for youth policies, comprised of a majority of members aged 18-32, including representatives of the National Youth Forum Youth Forum. Its aims include:
  • Formulating proposals and opinions on legal initiatives for youth;
  • Undertaking research on young people’s conditions;
  • Taking part in the work of international bodies regarding youth.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
Yes
The National Youth Forum,established by San Marino statute, in 2007 is open to all residents ages 15-32. The forum is an advisory body which aims to:
  • Express its opinion and proposals on contents of youth policies, as well as bills initiated by the government that affect young people;
  • Participate in international forums;
  • Promote the participation of young people in institutions, representative bodies, associations.
  The Forum Assembly elects two members to represent the forum at the Commission for Youth Policies.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
Unclear
The Secretary of State for Territory, Environment, Agriculture, Telecommunications, Sport, Civil Protection and Trade relationsis responsible for youth. However, a separate budget for youth activities is unavailable.   The World Bank lists no data on public spending on education in San Marino for the last ten years.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).

Additional Background

From a 2013 Council of Europe report:  
In May 2000, San Marino signed the European Convention on the Promotion of a Trans-national Long-term Voluntary Service for Young People, thus recognising the educational aim of voluntary service at NGOs abroad, including some intercultural learning elements. From a domestic point of view, special provisions regulate the activities performed by volunteers: Law n. 97 of 1989 regulates cooperation between volunteers and public entities (see also chapter 8.4), while Law n. 142 of 1985 refers to volunteers working in cooperation projects based on bilateral or multilateral agreements with developing countries.
(…) the participation in European networks of cultural organisations, such as Open Street Forum, F.N.A.S. Italia and networks of European projects for ongoing training in line with the "Europe 2020" objectives of the European Commission, with particular reference to the action "New Skills for New Jobs".
The InformaGiovani Network San Marino was promoted and supported by the San Marino Labour Confederation (CSdL) as part of the San Marino International Art Festival (SMIAF) initiative. It provides information on the opportunities offered on the territory and at promoting the ideas, experiences and skills of young people. It deals with issues such as school, professional, social and cultural guidance and offers, free of charge, an information and training service to young people from 15 to 35 years of age. The SMIAF- Festival of Youth Knowledge  was launched in 2008 by the State Secretary for Labour, Cooperation and Youth Policies. It was a project for the cultural, artistic, tourist and social promotion of San Marino and its young talented people, developed through art, cultural events, shows, music and meetings.