Definition of Youth

While Monaco has a Department of Education, Youth and Sport, no official definition of youth in Monaco could be located.

MCO

Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • 21
  • 18
  • --
  • Female
  • 21
  • 15
  • --



  • No specific legislation for same-sex marriage. Homosexual acts legal. Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

13
Minimum Age
Source:  UN Child Rights Periodic Report
(2013)

Voting Age

18

Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

--
Both sexes (15-24) %
  • -- Male (15-24) %
  • -- Female (15-24) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
--
Both sexes %
  • --Male %
  • -- Female %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

--
Male (15-24) %
--
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
--
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • -- Male (13-15) %
  • -- Female (13-15) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
No
Monaco has no national youth policy. The approach is service-oriented with thematic priorities.

According to the government website, focus is placed on family policy and early childhood, and on education. However, no overarching national policy or strategy on youth exists.   The site states that,

[f]ollowing their professional training or work experience, [young people] are supported when they begin their working life [...] However, the Prince’s Government does not underestimate the difficulties that young people in the Principality can face, even though proximity is conducive to personalized support.  Therefore, great attention is paid to young people in difficulty and campaigns are organised to prevent behaviour that might place them at risk. So, through the activities of the Prince’s Government, the country provides the means to support its young people to prepare for its future.

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Yes
The Department for Education, Youth and Sport (DEYS) has responsibility for youth affairs in Monaco. The remit of the DEYS with regard to youth is implementing youth projects, planning new measures and communicating with young people as well as youth organisations and movements within Monaco.   The government also offers support for voluntary work experience placements in Monaco and abroad as well as apprenticeships, and it runs a Youth Employment Unit, and Academic Counselling and Education Resource Centre, and runs a Young Ideas Competition.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
No
There is no evidence of a national youth council or other platform for representation existing in Monaco.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
Unclear
No documentation on the budget for youth in Monaco could be found online. According to the World Bank, Monaco spent 1.59% of its GDP on education in 2011, but does not calculate what this translates to in terms of percentage of government expenditure.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed May 2014).

Additional Background

From BBC News (2014, May 14):
Monaco is the second-smallest independent state in the world… The country - a constitutional monarchy - is surrounded on three sides by France and occupies just under two square kilometres (0.75 sq mile) of the Cote d'Azur, where the Alpes Maritimes meet the Mediterranean.
Tourism drives Monaco’s economy; gamblers flock to the Place du Casino in Monte-Carlo and every May the principality hosts the Monaco Grand Prix.
The country is a major banking centre and closely guards the privacy of its clients.
But it has also been the focus of French concerns about its tax policy and has been accused of tolerating money-laundering – claims it strongly denies.
The principality was identified as a taz haven by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2003. It was subsequently places on the OECD’s blacklist of uncooperative tax havens, remaining there until 2009.
From the Monagasque Government website:  
The people who live and work in Monaco are its main asset. 120 nationalities live side by side in perfect harmony with their hosts, the Monegasques.
The size of the country, the importance placed on the principle of the hereditary Monarchy and the Latin-inspired culture are without doubt some of the reasons why the word "family" has such a special meaning in Monaco.  As a result, great attention is paid to the future of the 500 or so children who are born in Monaco each year (a figure that is increasing). From their first moments of life to the time they enter the world of work, young people are top priority.
The Government focuses closely on early childhood through its incentive-based family policy and invests heavily in this area on a continuous basis, providing dedicated support and facilities that are managed by the departments in the Mairie (Town Hall.)
The Prince’s Government works tirelessly to prepare the younger generation to build the Principality of tomorrow. This key aim is reflected in constant improvements to the educational system, which already achieves brilliant results in examinations at the end of secondary school and in subsequent university courses.
Monaco's size means that it is not possible to follow as diversified higher education studies as in neighbouring countries.  Young Monegasques and residents therefore pursue their training and professional experience abroad thanks to an incentives policy undertaken by the Government that enables them to use their experience abroad as a valuable asset when they return to follow their vocation at home, in Monaco.
In Monaco, children are introduced to culture very early, thanks to partnerships made with the country's scientific, heritage and cultural entities.
Moreover, the quality of the sports facilities, the variety of cultural activities, the funding of specific equipment and the "Pass'sport'culture," as well as the wealth of voluntary associations, allow the best aspects of their personality to be developed.