Definition of Youth

The Youth Law (2008) of Luxembourg defines youth as between 12-30 years.

LUX

Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • 18
  • --
  • ++
  • Female
  • 16
  • --
  • ++



  • No data for marriage with parental consent. Civil unions/partnerships legal. Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

18
Minimum Age
Minors may be given supervision, educational or correctional punishments through the juvenile court. Source:  Youth Protection Law of Luxembourg
(1992)

Voting Age

18

Compulsory voting.
Source:  Inter-Parliamentary Union

Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

--
Both sexes (15-24) %
  • -- Male (15-24) %
  • -- Female (15-24) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
86.47%
Both sexes %
  • 84.74%Male %
  • 88.29% Female %

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

--
Male (15-24) %
--
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
--
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • -- Male (13-15) %
  • -- Female (13-15) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
Yes
Luxembourg has a youth law, a youth report and a youth pact. A 2012 briefing provides context.

The Youth Law (2008) has 10 objectives, which include education, personal, social and professional development, equal opportunities, encouraging creativity and initiative, and promoting non-formal education.

The Youth Law operates under the principles that every young person has the right to the full development of his personality, and that any application of the law should be in the best interests of young people.

Under Article 15 of the Youth Law, the Youth Pact 2012-2014 sets out a series of new policy actions developed by the various ministries in charge of youth issues.

The Pact has five areas of action:

  • Transition from school to work;
  • Successful start in adult life;
  • Well-being of young people;
  • Youth as actors;
  • Scientific support of the youth policy.

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Yes
The National Youth Service (NYS) sits within the purview of the Ministry of National Education, Children and Youth. The NYS, established in 1964, has mandated objectives laid out in the Youth Law (2008). The NYS works in four areas: Supporting youth programs; running youth centres; Facilitating the transition to work; and promoting quality development in organisations that work with and for young people.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
Yes
The General Youth Conference of Luxembourg (CGJL), founded in 1960, is an umbrella organisation of 29 youth groups including political organisations, trade unions, and socio-educational, and leisure organisations.

CGJL projects aim to develop the skills of young people in the areas of participation, non-formal education and active citizenship. The projects also aim to create a platform for young people to express themselves and participate in decision-making processes at the national and European level.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
EUR 10.4 million
USD 14.3 million
The Draft Budget 2014 – Volume I: The Budget Revenue and Expenditure of the State allocates EUR 10.4 million (USD 14.3 million) to the National Youth Service through the Ministry of National Education, Children and Youth. As reported by Chronicle.lu on 1 April 2014, the budget has been approved by the Eurogroup, but at the time of writing an updated final budget document had not been published. According to the World Bank, Luxembourg spent 9.82% of its government expenditure and 3.75% of its GDP on education provision in 2001.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).

Additional Background

The National Report on the State of Youth in Luxembourg (2010) gives some background to life for young people and the challenges they face (Original in French, translation by Google Translate):

Youth in an aging society  
The demographic structure of the population of Luxembourg is - as in many other European countries - marked by a significant increase in the proportion of older cohorts and a trend towards a decrease in the proportion of younger cohorts… [The consequences] concern not only the basic structures of social protection (e.g. old-age insurance, health insurance) as well as the social and economic dynamics of the Grand Duchy, but also the question of whether the interests and voices of the younger generations in the current political debate are always sufficiently heard. Moreover, discussions must take into account that almost half of the younger generation in Luxembourg is made ​​up of people who bring different cultural and linguistic traditions and usually (still) do not have Luxembourgish nationality.
  Unequal educational opportunities  
Male adolescents, in particular, as well as socially deprived migrant groups and young people from underprivileged backgrounds are comparatively strongly disadvantaged in the education system. They are on average more likely to be early school leavers and achieve in some cases significantly lower degrees. First indications also show that the unequal participation in the formal education system continues in the other (non-formal) education settings.
  The difficult transition into the working world
Although the vast majority of young people in Luxembourg manages a seamless transition from education to working life, an increasing number of young people are, at least temporarily, faced with higher risks, uncertainties and problems, in particular in the last decade. Some [young people] are temporarily or for longer periods of time unemployed or in training and further training measures. Youth unemployment in Luxembourg has therefore increased significantly in recent years and is now even by European standards at an above average level. The group with the greatest difficulties in the labor market are mainly young people without school-leaving certificate or low-skilled. However, whilst a higher vocational qualification is now no longer a guarantee for a quick and successful career entry, training and skills continue to offer the best protection against unemployment. The position of young people in the labor market in Luxembourg is heavily influenced by the formal educational qualifications, but also on the socio-economic resources and the nationality of the family.
  Lack of integration of young people with a migration background  
50% of the younger generation in Luxembourg do not have Luxembourg nationality, and this results in heterogeneity of national origin, linguistic-culture and socioeconomic resources. There are strong disparities within different groups of migrants and with Luxembourgish youth, particularly with regard to the educational and socioeconomic status… In the area of ​​social inclusion, the findings indicate that there remain integration deficits for many immigrant groups. Friendship networks, clubs and youth work seem partly to develop integration, but segmentation trends in the education system and the labor market will not dissolve in your spare time.
Young people without Luxembourg nationality are particularly severely restricted in their opportunities for political participation. They are excluded from participation in the parliamentary elections, and participation in local elections is only possible under certain conditions. [...] The young generation in Luxembourg is characterized (in comparison to the older population), in principle, by a greater openness to cultural diversity and pluralistic forms of life, but for some of the young people migration and cultural diversity seems to bring stress, problems, conflicts and anxieties.
  Poverty and poverty risk of children and young people  
Children and young people are particularly affected by the effects of poverty in their family. As in many other OECD countries, poverty is now less of a problem for older people, but has shifted to the younger generations. Most affected by poverty are single parents, families with children, persons with non-Luxembourgish nationality and people who are not working full time, and the low skilled. An important aspect of the problem of poverty is its intergenerational "inheritance". The risk of being poor as an adult depends, in part, on the material conditions during childhood. The effects of social origin on chances of success in the education system are part of the problem. Children from poor families have fewer opportunities in education and reproduce thus often the situation of their parents, as they have low skill workers significantly reduced opportunities to position themselves in the labor market and to protect themselves financially.
  The participation of young people in society  
The young people in Luxembourg participate in a variety of areas (schools, associations, NGOs , communities, political parties, associations, youth centers, etc.) and in many different forms (elections, memberships, adoption of volunteer tasks , self-initiated actions, etc.) in the design democracy, civil society and the social posterity and life that directly affects them. Adolescents with higher levels of education and higher social status do so to a greater extent than adolescents with lower educational qualifications. Particular, however, it is evident that young people from an immigrant background are still confronted with difficulties and obstacles that affect their social and political participation.