Definition of Youth

Grenada does not have a specific definition of youth. Grenada is a signatory of The Commonwealth Plan of Action for Youth Empowerment (PAYE) 2006-2015, which defines youth as between 15-29 years, in line with the Commonwealth Youth Programme definition.

GRD

Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • 21
  • 16
  • XX
  • Female
  • 21
  • 16
  • --



  • Male homosexual acts illegal. Female homosexual acts legal, however no specific legislation for same-sex marriage. Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

7
Minimum Age
Children aged 7-16 are not sent to prison, however those aged 16-18 may be imprisoned in the same facilities as adults. Source:  UN Child Rights Periodic Report
(2010)

Majority Age

21

No legislation revokes the common law majority age of 21, when a person can get married or make a will without parental consent. Source: UN Child Rights Periodic Report (1997)

Voting Age

18

Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

--
Both sexes (15-24) %
  • -- Male (15-24) %
  • -- Female (15-24) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: UNESCO

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
76.87%
Both sexes %
  • 76.62%Male %
  • 77.12% Female %

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

--
Male (15-24) %
--
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
20.50%
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • 24.50% Male (13-15) %
  • 16.70% Female (13-15) %
  • Year: 2010
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
Unclear
Grenada adopted a national youth policy in 2003, but it has been defunct since the 2008 elections.

According to a letter published on 27 May 2011, the national youth policy was operational from 2003-2008 with 22 programmes established. These included youth enterprise, mentoring and parenting projects.   Since the 2013 elections, Grenada is currently in the process of developing a new youth policy and is conducting individual, group and stakeholder consultations.   In a press release on 18 March 2014, a national youth policy in Grenada is noted as existing, but no further details are available online.   Grenada is a signatory to the CARICOM Youth Development Action Plan 2012-2017 (CYDAP), designed to support policy-making on youth development. The CYDAP lists goals on thematic areas including, education, health, economic empowerment, citizenship, participation, and wellbeing.

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Yes
The Division of Youth Empowerment within the Ministry of Youth Empowerment & Sports (MoYES) is responsible for youth affairs. The mission of the Ministry is “to empower our youth for life and nation building.” According to the official Facebook Page, the MoYES focus areas include youth development policies, youth participation in development, youth enterprise and skills.   According to a press release on 18 March 2014, an inter-ministerial committee has been established that will oversee the implementation of the CARICOM Youth Development Action Plan 2012-2017.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
Unclear
The National Youth Ambassador Programme (NYAP) targets “young people aged 16-35 who will represent their peers on national, regional and international levels.” The programme is run by the Ministry of Youth Empowerment & Sports. The role of young people and the representativeness of individuals is unclear. A national youth parliament event was held in 2010.   The NYAP represent young people at the Commonwealth Youth Council and regionally, Grenada is a member of the CARICOM Youth Ambassadors programme.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
Unclear
According to the 2014 budget statement, the budget for the Ministry of Youth, Empowerment & Sports (listed as Ministry of Youth & Sports) is XCD 70.1 million (USD 25.9 million). It is unclear what proportion is spent on youth affairs. According to the World Bank, Grenada spent 12.86% of its government expenditure and 3.09% of its GDP on education provision in 2003.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).

Additional Background

The UNICEF Social Safety Net Assessment (2010) provides an overview of the major risks affecting adolescents and youth:
The primary risks to adolescents and youth relate to low human capital development and associated unemployment and underemployment and to the outcomes of risky lifestyles. Risk indicators among this age cohort include having no academic or skills certification or training and unemployment, pregnancy rates, HIV/AIDS, substance abuse, and criminal activity.
Youth are at risk of unemployment driven in large part by low levels of human capital development. The challenges faced by many young people are evidenced by the fact that less than 25% of young people registering for the Grenada Youth Upliftment Programme (a training programme) have the requisite entry qualifications.
Most at risk are unattached youth – youth who are out-of-school and out-of-work. Labour force data indicate that 10% of young men and 8% of young women aged 15-29 years old have withdrawn from the labour market for no specified reason. This is in addition to the 9% of men and 12% of women who have withdrawn from the labour market because they could not find work. International evidence indicates that youth who have withdrawn from the labour market because they have given up trying to find work are typically the least qualified and the most likely to engage in risky behaviors, including crime, unprotected sex and drug consumption.
Youth also face health related risks. Adolescents are at risk of teenage childbearing. In 2006, 16% of live births were to teenage mothers (268 teens). Nineteen per cent of these girls were giving birth to their second child and 5% to their third child. One-third of live births are to women age 20-24.28 The incidence of teenage pregnancy also raises concerns because of the evidence that teenage pregnancy is associated with lower levels of educational attainment and income for the mother, and results in the intergenerational transmission of poverty.29 Moreover, approximately half of all new HIV infections occur in youth 15-24 years, and women are more susceptible than men.30 Young men are most at risk of violence and drug abuse; however, statistics are not available.
The same report gives an overview of the Grenada Youth Upliftment Programme – the flagship youth programme of the Ministry of Youth Empowerment & Sports:
Youth employability programmes include the Grenada Youth Upliftment Programme (GYUP) and Skills for Inclusive Growth. GYUP was launched in 2009 with the objective of promoting youth employment, through skills and life skills training, second chance education, and job search assistance. The programme is targeted to youth broadly defined as persons between the ages of 16 and 35. To date, 864 youth have registered and 200 have been placed in on-the-job training. On-the-job training can be Government or private sector positions. Trainees receive a stipend of EC$700 per month (with 50% paid by a private sector employer). A planned small business enterprise component will target marginalised youth and displaced workers with a focus on promoting tourism and agricultural enterprises. Government launched the Skills for Inclusive Growth Project in May 2009.40 The project will support the Ministries of Education and Youth to increase youth employability through public/private sector partnerships for demand driven technical and life skills training. The project will also establish an occupational standards framework to improve the value and quality of training and to facilitate harmonisation and portability of certification at least at the regional level. The project is funded by the World Bank at a cost of EC$12.7 million.