Definition of Youth
Cameroon’s national youth policy (2006) defines youth as persons between the age of 15 and 35.
- Opposite Sex
- Same Sex
- Without parental consent
- with parental consent
Situation of Young People
- 87.12% Male (15-24) %
- 80.45% Female (15-24) %
- Year: 2015
- Source: UNESCO
Net Enrolment RateSecondary School
- --Male %
- -- Female %
- Year: No data.
- Source: UNESCO
Situation of Young People
Policy & Legislation
The national youth policy is anchored in both national priorities and international commitments of the Cameroonian government. The policy of 2006 prioritises national development and building a prosperous and peaceful country. It was formulated in a consultative process involving representatives of public institutions, private organizations, civil society, UN agencies, and youth movements. The policy document outlines a participatory and multi-sectoral approach. It focuses on the education sector, the provision of nutrition and health services to young people, and seeks to respond the scarcity of employment. As a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Cameroon is a signatory of The Commonwealth Plan of Action for Youth Empowerment (PAYE) 2006-2015. It lists 13 action points including youth empowerment, youth governance, participation, gender equality, education, health and ICT.
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Youth and Representation
Budget & Spending
- % of GDP
- % of gov. expenditure
Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).
In 2010, approximately 92% of young professionals were working in the informal sector.From National Youth Policy of Cameroon (2006) (Original in French, own translation):
Young people in Cameroun face difficulties in accessing decent employment. Unemployment and underemployment levels are very high among young people. … Approximately 11% of youth aged 15 to 29 years are unemployed , particularly in urban areas. Underemployment affects approximately 94 % of young people aged 15 to 19 years and 84 % of those between 20 and 24 years.
The majority of job seekers abandon studies before completing the primary education (only 56% of the population that went to school also completed primary education). Since the advent of the economic crisis experienced by the country, the number of highly qualified young people without job prospects is of increasing concern.
In total 28.4% of adolescents [girls] aged 15 to 19 years had already had a child (22.7%) or were pregnant with their first child (5.7%). Over 40% of adolescents had already begun childbearing.
The practice of contraception is not sufficiently publicised. Among young women age ranges 15-19, 20-24 and 25-29 years, 12.2%, 17.4% and 14.9% respectively are using a modern contraceptive method. This low use of modern contraceptive methods, low access to planned parenthood, early marriage, the difference of the legal minimum age for marriage for boys and girls, precocious sexuality, lack of education in family life, unwanted pregnancies and insufficient information and education of young people explain, among other high maternal mortality.
Young people are more affected than other age groups by HIV. The rate of HIV prevalence in the age group 25-29 years is 7.8% against 5.5% in the general population. 10.3% of young women and 5.1% among young men are affected.
The situation of young people concerning participation in social life and decision-making is characterised by a low level of involvement. This can partly be explained by a lack of organization and inadequate training of young people due to an inadequate legal framework and the lack of an advisory youth council, and also by the reluctance of adults to involve young people in the decision making process. This reluctance is the consequence of generational conflict, lack of spaces for dialogue between adults and youth, and low representation of young people in decision bodies such as parliamentary assemblies, municipal bodies and the community.The national youth council of cameroon (CNJC), which was created in 2009 as representative platform Cameroon’s youth, has been criticised by movements such as the Action for Peace and Development and Gathering of Cameroonian Youth (RJC) for not effectively representing Cameroon’s youth. It is said to be too dependent on the government and its agenda.