Definition of Youth

The Law on Youth Policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2002) defines youth as aged 14-29.  This age range also applies to the implementation of the state programme Azerbaijani Youth in 2011-2015.

AZE

Marriageable Age

  • Opposite Sex
  • Same Sex
  • Without parental consent
  • with parental consent
  • Male
  • --
  • 18
  • --
  • Female
  • --
  • 17
  • --



  • No data for marriage without parental consent. No specific legislation for same-sex marriage. Source: UNSD, ILGA

Candidacy Age

Criminal Responsibility

14
Minimum Age
Criminal code states that at 16, children are subject to criminal liability, however from 14 they can be criminally liable for certain serious offences. Source:  UN Child Rights Periodic Report
(2009)

Majority Age

18

Voting Age

18

Situation of Young People

Literacy Rates

99.94%
Both sexes (15-24) %
  • 99.95% Male (15-24) %
  • 99.92% Female (15-24) %

Net Enrolment Rate

Secondary School
86.82%
Both sexes %
  • 87.62%Male %
  • 85.92% Female %

Situation of Young People

Prevalence of HIV

0.1%
Male (15-24) %
0.1%
Female (15-24) %

Tobacco Use

Consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once 30 days prior to the survey.
--
Both sexes (13-15) %
  • -- Male (13-15) %
  • -- Female (13-15) %
  • Year: No data.
  • Source: WHO

Policy & Legislation

Is there a national youth policy?
Yes
There is a state law on youth policy and a programme to implement it. An international briefing exists, too.

The Law on Youth Policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2002) states that the main purpose of a youth policy is to support the development of youth, "to assist in realization of their abilities and competences, settlement of their social problems and guarantee of protection of their rights."   There are six areas of focus: (a) Moral-spiritual education and participation in cultural life; (b) Support to talented youth; (c) Health & physical development; (d) Employment; [e) Support to young families, and; (f) Support to youth organisations.   The State Program (2011) lays out the implementation of the youth policy, including its main objectives, how activities will be coordinated, finances, and an action plan that assigns specific activities to a ministry, as well as a time frame for completion.

Public Institutions

Is there a governmental authority
(ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth?
Yes
The Ministry of Youth and Sport was created in 1994 by presidential decree. Its activities include the social, economic and cultural development of youth (in accordance with youth policy law), promotion of national values among youth and coordination of youth organisations. As mandated by the youth state programme 2011-2015, the Ministry is responsible for the coordination of the activities within the programme, through the creation of a Coordination Council, which is to include representatives from relevant governmental agencies and organisations.

Youth and Representation

Does the country have a national youth organisation / association (council, platform, body)?
Yes
The National Assembly of Youth Organizations of the Republic of Azerbaijan (NAYORA) is an umbrella organisation of youth associations in Azerbaijan. According to its official Facebook page, it was established by 11 youth organisations in 1995, and has since grown to 93. Its aims include coordinating the activities of youth member organisations, increasing the participation of youth in decision-making, representing the interests of youth organisations at the regional and international level, and facilitating the exchange of knowledge, ideas and experience.

Budget & Spending

What is the budget allocated to the governmental authority (ministry, department or office) that is primarily responsible for youth and/or youth programming?
Unclear
According to the 2012 State Budget, the Ministry of Youth and Sport (listed as “sport, youth policy and tourism”) spent AZN 57.1 million (USD 72.8 million). It is unclear what portion of this was used specifically for youth. According to the World Bank, Azerbaijan spent 8.24% of its government expenditure and 2.44% of its GDP on education provision in 2011.
Total Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of Government Spending and GDP

  • % of GDP
  • % of gov. expenditure

Source: World Bank
Gaps indicate missing data from the original data source. (Accessed August 2013).

Additional Background

From Reviews on Youth Policies and Youth Work in the Countries of South East Europe, Eastern Europe & Caucasus – Azerbaijan (2011):  
Azerbaijan is located at the crossroads of Europe and Central Asia and covering a total area of about 86,600 sq. km. Azerbaijan has a border on the north with Russia, on the east by the Caspian Sea, on the south by Iran, on the west by Armenia and on the northwest by Georgia. Azerbaijan also shares a short border with Turkey through its autonomous enclave of Nakhichevan, which is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by Armenian territory.
 
On October 1991 Azerbaijan got its independence again. The republic’s first years of renewed independence were troubled by political upheaval, economic decline, and a war with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh territory which is internationally recognized part of Azerbaijan by a number of pivotal institutions such as United Nations and European Union, Organization of Islamic Conference, OSCE and etc.
 
Beginning from 1995 socio-political stability was established and conditions for democratic development as well as political and economic reforms have been provided. As result of these processes, favourable environment for the development and better opportunities of young people have been created and the Government has commenced to pay more attention on implementation of proper policy concerning youth problems. Azerbaijan’s economy has grown at a phenomenal rate in the past few years and particularly since the start of the oil production boom in 2004: in 2005 and 2006 the real GDP growth rate was the highest in the world. [...]
 
Young men in Azerbaijan in age from 18 to 35 years are obliged to serve in military service. Young men should attend pre-service military training in secondary schools.
 
In recent years Azerbaijan Republic carried out comprehensive reforms in different spheres of social life. The Constitution adopted on November 12, 1995 set the beginning of a new era of state-building which bases on the protection of basic human rights. The Constitution constitutes the core of the maintenance of human rights in the country. The third chapter of the document titled “Basic rights and liberties of a person and citizen” is composed of 48 articles which encompasses broad spectrum of human rights.
 
Steps taken with a purpose of adapting the legal system of Azerbaijan to International standards envisaged in the European Convention on Human Rights and other international documents hold important place among the reforms in the field of democratization of the country.
 
The adoption of many different laws/codes of Azerbaijan Republic those are of great importance strengthened the legislative basis of the Republic.
 
On February 22, 1998 The President of the Republic issued a decree “On the Measures regarding maintenance of human rights”. With the Presidential order dated to June18, 1998 the State Program regarding the respect for human rights was approved. On the basis of the abovementioned State Program and in accordance with the commitments of Azerbaijan before the Council of Europe (COE) a new for Azerbaijan institution – Ombudsman was established in 2002.
 
Azerbaijan is a multi-ethnic state and ethnic groups living here practice different faiths. The rights of all religious minorities are provided, secured and respected in the country. Besides Muslim mosques, different churches, synagogues and temples function in Azerbaijan. According to Article 18 of the Constitution religion is separated from state.
 
One of the main steps with regard to sustaining respect for human rights was the adoption of National Action Plan on the Protection of Human Rights. Developed on the proposals by different government bodies, including the Ministry of Youth and Sport, the National Action Plan was approved by the President Ilham Aliyev’s order, dated to December 28, 2006.